The Eighth Commandment - Do not steal
Stealing has been punishable in some cultures with severe fines, loss of appendages and even death. Certainly, the societies of men have not taken this crime lightly, and neither does God. As Mount Sinai quaked and smoked, and as lightning flashed and thunder and trumpets sounded, God enunciated the eighth commandment: "You shall not steal (Exodus: 20:15)." Men trembled with fear at the event (verse 18). They knew God was serious! So, it behooves us to know what the commandment entails. In this discussion guide, you will explore the application of this eighth commandment.
What is Stealing?
1. Construct a working definition for the word "steal." In doing this, think of these questions: Can you steal only objects? Does the cost of something make stealing it okay or not okay? How does stealing differ from borrowing?
2. Does God add any caveats, qualifications or exceptions to this commandment? Why is this important?
3. Have you ever had anything stolen from you? If so, what was your emotional reaction? How did it make you feel?
4. List ways in which people can steal from others: (a) at school; (b) on the job; (c) playing games.
5. How could waste and negligence be forms of stealing?
6. What business practices are forms of stealing?
NOTE: Recently a teenager was discovered to have made thousands of dollars by investing in $2 stocks. After purchasing the stocks, the teenager, using many different names, would enter many "chat rooms" on the Internet and encourage others to buy the same stocks. He would assert (without any knowledge of the companies' financial state, nor the quality of their product or service) the stocks were sure to increase greatly in value quickly. The teen would then sell his stock shortly thereafter when others, following his advice, bought stock thus raising the value of it. Do you think that the teen was guilty of breaking the 8th commandment? Why or why not?
7. How can governments steal from their citizens?
8. What are some consequences for stealing? What is the ultimate punishment? (Read I Corinthians 6:9-10 and comment.)
9. What is the Christian approach to borrowing?
Can We Steal From God?
MALACHI 3:8-9: "Will a man rob God? Yet you have robbed Me! But you say, 'In what way have we robbed You?' In tithes and offerings. You are cursed with a curse, For you have robbed Me, Even this whole nation."
1. To whom do tithe and offering monies truly belong? How should we treat such funds?
2. We see from these verses that God takes stealing from Him seriously. What should our attitude be in paying tithes and giving offerings? Can we steal spiritually and not physically? If so, how?
3. Read Genesis:3:1-6. How were Adam and Eve guilty of breaking the eighth commandment in the Garden of Eden?
MATTHEW 15:19: "For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies."
1. What is meant by the word "heart" in this verse?
2. Explain how thefts begin in the "heart."
3. Why do people steal?
4. What justifications have you heard people use for stealing?
EPHESIANS 4:28: "Let him who stole steal no longer, but rather let him labor, working with his hands what is good, that he may have something to give him who has need."
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